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Dr Patrick Milton

Dr Patrick  Milton

Patrick Milton is a Research Fellow at Peterhouse, University of Cambridge, as part of the Westphalia for the Middle East project, and an Affiliated Lecturer at the Department of Politics and International Studies. He co-teaches an MPhil course on the History of European Geopolitics, 1453-1871, together with Prof. Brendan Simms. His research interests include the history of intervention for the protection of foreign subjects in early modern central Europe, the political and constitutional history of the Holy Roman Empire, early modern international relations, and the impact of the Peace of Westphalia with an emphasis on its guarantee. At the Forum on Geopolitics, he works on the Westphalia project, which seeks to draw lessons from the treaties of Westphalia (1648) for a new peace settlement for the Middle East. He was previously a visiting fellow at the Leibniz-Institute of European History, Mainz, and a postdoctoral fellow at Freie Universität Berlin. He holds a PhD and a BA in History from the University of Cambridge, and an MA in International Relations from the University of Warwick. His work has been awarded the German History Society/Royal Historical Society Postgraduate Essay Prize.


Key Publications

  • ‘The Mutual Guarantee of the Peace of Westphalia in the Law of Nations and its Impact on European Diplomacy’, Journal of the History of International Law, special edition ‘Training, ideas and practice. The Law of Nations in the Long Eighteenth Century’, eds. Raphael Cahen, Frederik Dhondt, and Elisabetta Fiocchi Malaspina. Forthcoming, 2020.
  • ‘Ein Westfälischer Frieden für den Mittleren und Nahen Osten? Ein Diskussionsbeitrag’, in Dorothée Goetze and Lena Oetzel (eds.), Warum Friedenschliessen so schwer ist. Frühneuzeitliche Friedensfindung am Beispiel des Westfälischen Friedenskongresses (Münster, 2019), pp. 441-444.
  • ‘Guarantee and Intervention: The assessment of the Peace of Westphalia in International Law and Politics by authors of Natural Law and of Public Law, c.1650-1806’, in Simone Zurbuchen (ed.), The Law of Nations and Natural Law, 1625-1850 (Leiden: Brill, 2019), pp. 186-226.
  • [with Michael Axworthy and Brendan Simms], Towards a Westphalia for the Middle East (London: Hurst Publishers, 2018).
  • [with Michael Axworthy] ‘The Myth of Westphalia’, Foreign Affairs, 22 Dec. 2016: https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/europe/2016-12-22/myth-westphalia
  • [with Michael Axworthy] ‘A Westphalian Peace for the Middle East’, Foreign Affairs, 10 Oct. 2016: https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/europe/2016-10-10/westphalian-peace-middle-east Co-authored with Michael Axworthy.
  • ‘The early eighteenth-century German confessional crisis: the juridification of religious conflict in the re-confessionalised politics of the Holy Roman Empire’, Central European History, vol. 49, no. 1 (March, 2016), pp. 39-68.
  • [With Brendan Simms and Michael Axworthy] ‘Ending the new Thirty Years War’, New Statesman, 21 January 2016, pp. 22-26: http://www.newstatesman.com/politics/uk/2016/01/ending-new-thirty-years-war
  • [with Elisabeth von Hammerstein], ‘Von Münster nach Damaskus: Für Syrien und Irak bietet der Westfälische Frieden hilfreiche Erkenntnisse’, in Internationale Politik, January/February 2018, pp. 75-79. https://zeitschrift-ip.dgap.org/de/ip-die-zeitschrift/archiv/jahrgang-2018/januar-februar-2018/von-muenster-nach-damaskus
  • ‘Die Aktualität frühneuzeitlicher Friedensprozesse. Lehren für die Gegenwart aus dem Dreißigjährigen Krieg und dem Westfälischen Frieden’, in Themenheft der Gesellschaften für Christlich-Jüdische Zusammenarbeit, Deutscher Koordinierungsrat E.V. (2018), pp. 30-32
  • [with Brendan Simms and Michael Axworthy], ‘Der Friedenskongress von Münster und Osnabrück als Wegweiser für eine neue Friedensinitiative im Nahen Osten’, in Osnabrücker Jahrbuch Frieden und Wissenschaft, vol. 24 (2017), pp. 153-163.
  • ‘Debates on intervention against religious persecution in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: European reactions to the Tumult of Thorn, 1724-1726’, European History Quarterly, vol. 47, no. 3 (July, 2017), pp. 405-436.
  • [with Brendan Simms and Michael Axworthy] ‘Ein Westfälischer Friede für Nahost’, in Die Zeit, no. 20/2017, 11 May 2017.
  • ‘Imperial law versus geopolitical interest: the Reichshofrat and the protection of smaller states in the Holy Roman Empire under Charles VI (1711-40)’, The English Historical Review, vol. 130, no. 545 (August, 2015), pp. 831-864.
  • ‘Intervening against tyrannical rule in the Holy Roman Empire during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries’, German History, vol. 33, no. 1 (March, 2015), pp. 1-29.